Dilemmas in general theory of planning

with the introduction of Bob Jessop



Abstract

Th esearch for scientific bases for confronting problems of social policy is bound to fail, because of the naturę of these problems. They are “wicked” problems, whereas science has developed to deal with “tame” problems. Policy problems cannot be defmitively described. Moreover, in a pluralistic society there is nothing like the undisputable public good; there is no objective definition of eąuity; policies that respond to social problems cannot be meaningfully correct or false; and it makes no sense to talk about “optimal solutions” to social problems unless severe ąualifications are imposed first. Even worse, there are no „solutions” in the sense of defłnitive and objective answers.


Keywords

theory of planning; wicked problems; tame problems; social problems; professionals; solutions; postindustrial society


Published : 2014-04-06


Rittel, H. W. J., & Webber, M. M. (2014). Dilemmas in general theory of planning. Public Governance / Zarządzanie Publiczne, (27(1), 77-93. Retrieved from http://publicgovernance.pl/zpub/article/view/292

Horst W. J. Rittel 
University of California  United States
Melvin M. Webber 
University of California  United States