The phenomenon of urban sprawl in modern Poland: Causes, effects and remedies

  • Anna Karwińska Faculty of Public Economy and Administration, Cracow University of Economics
  • Aleksander Böhm The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
  • Michał Kudłacz Faculty of Public Economy and Administration, Cracow University of Economics
Keywords: Local development policy, urban sprawl, functional areas, spatial and socio-economic development planning

Abstract

Objectives: The objective of this article is to identify the reasons for the emergence of urban sprawl in Poland, with particular reference to selected medium-sized cities in the Małopolska voivodeship, located at different distances from Kraków. The second objective of this article is to indicate the awareness of the authorities of these cities of the influence of the core city (Kraków) and their efforts to use this phenomenon for their own developmental goals.

Research Design & Methods: Documents defining the socio-economic development policies of Limanowa, Niepołomic and Nowy Targ were used for the analysis, as well as selected quantitative data indicating the direction and strength of the urban sprawl. An important element of this article is an indication of the consequences of this phenomenon and remedies for public administration of various levels in Poland. The model of gravitational potential was utilised as the research basis.

Contribution / Value Added: As an added value, an attempt should be made to indicate the relation between the values of indicators and the policy of local development (actions of local authorities to eliminate negative effects of the urban sprawl phenomenon).

Implications / Recommendations: Although the urban sprawl phenomenon is involuntary (and ubiquitous), it can be controlled, and the lack of actions to control consequences will make them even more acute. Solutions should be systemic in nature and implemented at the level of central administration in Poland, but the attitude of local authorities is also important. In addition, the influence of Kraków on its functional surroundings has a different strength and character. From the point of view of local authorities, it is important to diagnose strength and character (positive or negative) in order to properly choose the direction of the given city’s development policy.

Author Biographies

Anna Karwińska, Faculty of Public Economy and Administration, Cracow University of Economics

Department of Sociology
Faculty of Public Economy and Administration
Kraków University of Economics,
ul. Rakowicka 27
31-510 Kraków

Aleksander Böhm, The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin

The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
Faculty of Mathematics, Informatics and Landscape Architecture
ul. Konstantynów 1 H
20-708 Lublin

Michał Kudłacz, Faculty of Public Economy and Administration, Cracow University of Economics

Department of Public Economy and Administration
Faculty of Public Economy and Administration
Kraków University of Economics
ul. Rakowicka 27
31-510 Kraków

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Published
2018-12-12
How to Cite
Karwińska, A., Böhm, A., & Kudłacz, M. (2018). The phenomenon of urban sprawl in modern Poland: Causes, effects and remedies. Public Governance / Zarządzanie Publiczne, ((45)3), 26-43. https://doi.org/10.15678/ZP.2018.45.3.02